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The author is not responsible for any contents linked or referred to from his pages – unless he has full knowledge of illegal contents and would be able to prevent the visitors of his site fromviewing those pages. If any damage occurs by the use of information presented there, only the author of the respective pages might be liable, not the one who has linked to these pages.

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Agriculture, Agronomics and Rural Investments

Buol, Stanley W. 2009: Soils and Agriculture in Central West and North Brazil, in: Sci. Agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.), v.66, n.5, p.697-707

Short Summary: The publication, written by renowned agronomist and soil expert Stanley Buol, highlights the agricultural expansion in Brazil to previously non-fertile or highly acid areas by applying new methods of soil improvements. He states that ” naturally acid soils with high contents of aluminum and iron oxides and low CEC values and organic matter contents long considered insurmountable obstacles to crop production in tropical latitudes could be extremely productive.” He concludes that Brazil “has the potential to lead the world in its quest to provide food for growing human populations”.

Cezar de Souza, Climaco 2015: Gaseificadores de biomassa: um novo futuro energético sustentável e justo, do Brasil para o mundo

Short Summary: The author advocates a new energetic approach in Brazil, focussing on the use of biomass, which is abundant in Brazil, in technologically advanced gasification systems.

Cezar de Souza, Climaco 2015: Estudo Comparativo de Geração de Energia Elétrica por Cavacos de Madeira

Short Summary: A rather compact and comparative study of Energy Generation based on wood and splints, with several continuative links to further literature.

Francisco, Eros/Gimenez, Leandro 2015: Brazilian Precision Agriculture in Perspective, published by the IPNI (International Plant Nutrition Institute)

Short Summary: The Presentation reflects a lecture held by Dr. Eros Francisco and Dr. Leandro Gimenez in 2015, highlighting the enormous potential of the Brazilian agricultural sector. Their main statement is that expansive and intensive agriculture can be performed without causing environmental damages, like expanding into the Amazon area or natural reserves.

Lima, Antônio Agostinho/Oliveira, Francisco Nelsieudes/Aquino, Antônio Renes Lins: Solos e Aptidão Agrícola das Terras do Estado do Tocantins, in: Embrapa Agroindustria, Documento 31, 2000.

Short Summary: An abundant analysis detailing the soil conditions in Tocantins, including a taxonomy, general geographic and pluviometric conditions, as well as recommendations for agricultural use. The text focusses on different soil types (like argia or latossol) and derives the most appropriate cultivating methods.

Oliveira, Fábio Alvares/Sfredo, Gedi Jorge/Caso, César/Klepker, Dirceu: Fertilidade do solo e nutrição da soja, in: Circular Técnica, Londrina 2007

Short Summary: The analysis provides a fertility study of Brazilian soils, focusses on a cientific approach for measuring the fertility in general, the acidity in specific and recommends approaches in order to correct for over-acidity of soils.

Scot Consulting: Soil Overview Brazil, 8th edition 2012

Short Summary: This overview presents an encompassing synopsis of the geographic and pluviometry conditions of rural areas in all Brazilian states. It contains actual data (2012) with abundant statistics regarding price developments, production and productivity patterns etc. The analysis gives a preliminary impression of Brazil´s agricultural potential.

Taliarine, Adriana Botelho 2015: A importância da Gestão no Agronegócio Brasileiro, in: Revista Perspectiva em Gestão & Tecnologia, Vol. 4 No. 8

Short Summary: The study sheds light on the significance of planning and controlling in the agricultural sector in Brazil. The author critizices that, while the contribution of agriculture in Brazil to the PIB is immense, the degree of efficient planning and controlling is less developed than in other parts of the economy. Thus, she emphasized the importance of improving the administrative and financial capabilities of a sustainable agriculture.

Further Reading/Extending Literature:

Hungria, M./Campo, R.J./Mendes, I.: Fixação biológica do nitrogênio na cultura de soja, Londrina, Embrapa Soja, 2001 (Circular Técnica, 35)

Short Summary: Investments into the agricultural sector, agribusinesses and farms in Brazil premise ample knowledge about the chemical and geological conditions present in the various regions of Brazil. The current study focusses on the cultivation of soy, with the authors advocating a new “technology”, that is a symbiosis between a bacterium and nitrogenium to provide for sustainable growth of soy, without exhausting natural resources.

Raij, B. Van: Fertilidade do solo e adubação, São Paulo, Agronômica CERES/Potafos, 1991

Short Summary: The study, authored by the renowned agronomist Bernardo van Raij, provides an overview over the conditions of the soil in different regions of Brazil, parting from the geological conditions of the soils, to the interactions between soil and nutrients to methods of increasing soil fertility. A highly recommended study for those aiming at investing into crop-planting in Brazil.


Real Estate Purchase Regulations/Investment and Economic Studies

Barbosa, Denis Borges 2016: Ganho de Capital na Alienação de Imóvel (por Pessoa Física), Denis Borges Barbosa Advocates, Rio de Janeiro

Short Summary: The paper considers the sale of properties in the case of Brazilian residents (Nationals and Foreigners) and the related capital gains and its taxation. The Brazilian legislation provides for  annual reduction percentages for properties acquired up to 31 December 1988. These percentages should be deducted from the capital gain earned due to the sale of the property.

Cardoso Junior, Ailton/Guerra, Rodrigo Ribeira 2003: Parecer referente à aquisição de Propriedade Rural por Estrangeiro e criação de Pessoa Jurídica Nacional

Short Summary: The juridical report by Cardoso Junior & Guerra provides a general evaluation of the possibilities of acquiring rural properties in Brazil, focussing on particular on the legal status-quo situation as well as the requirements/necessities.

KPMG Brazil, 2014: Data Consolidation of the Private Equity and Venture Capital Industry in Brazil.

Short Summary: The report from KPMG provides a systemic base, covering the diversity and complexity of domestic and international structures and vehicles, which operate in long-term investment categories in Brazil. It provides for a very good overview, however with a slight pro-KPMG bias in its assessments.

Roberts, Nina 2014: House Hunting in Brazil, in New York Times Nov. 21, 2012

Short Summary: The News Paper Article sheds light on the modalities of property purchase in Brazil as well as some economic parameters. It also presents an exemplary upscale property in the rural regions of the state of Rio de Janeiro. The author of this webpage has been interviewed for this article.

Ronquim, Ademar Filho/Aldair, Ramos Rios 2014: Aquisição da Propriedade Imobiliária no Brasil por Estrangeiros, in: Revista de Direitos Sociais e Políticas Públicas (UNIFAFIBE)

Short Summary: The paper aims to present the conditions imposed on the foreigner for the acquisition of real estate property in Brazil. Considering the social changes and economic factors that have occurred in the last decades that have led to the growth of of urban and rural properties by foreigners in the country, it is being considered imperative to analyze the regulations determining the purchase of real estate in Brazil.

World Bank, 2012: World Bank Group Support to Public-Private Partnerships: Lessons from Experience in Client Countries, fy02–12

Short Summary: As the title suggests, the report highlights the ever-increasing role and importance of guarantees in PPP Financing. While traditional bank guarantees are increasingly rejected due to high capital costs, the report examines the use of alternative forms of guarantees like maintenance and performance bonds.


Renewable Energies: Eolic, Photovoltaic and Biomass

Cezar de Souza, Climaco/Hahn, Andreas 2015: Biomass Gasifiers: a sustainable and fair new future energy – originating in Brazil

Cezar de Souza, Climaco: Energias Solar mais Eólica, Etanol/biodiesel e Biomassa nos libertarão do petróleo e das hidro?

Short Summary: As the title implies, the analysis scrutinizes the current status quo of renewable energies in Brazil and follows the question whether photovoltaic and wind energies serve as sustainable substitutes to the traditional fossil energy carriers. It also provides a glimpse on new technologies and patents developed in the area.

Cezar de Souza, Climaco/Hahn, Andreas 2014: Solar Energy in Brazil – Opportunities in the Solar Energy Market

Short Summary: The text sheds light on the advantages of Brazil´s possible autarchy in terms of solar energy generation and the production of panels and equipment. It serves to promote Brazil as eminent site for solar energy.

IRENA, International Renewable Energy Agency: Renewable Energy Policy Brief Brazil, June 2015

Short Summary: Encompassing analysis of the Brazilian energy sector, including economic variables and political switch stands, based on the Ten Years Energy Expansion Plans. The article provides an overview of the market situation and the legislative process leading to a strengthening of the Brazilian solar, wind and biomass-sector.

Luomi, Mari: Sustainable Energy in Brazil: Reversing Past Achievements or Realizing Future Potential, in: The Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, August 2014.

Short Summary: An alternative evaluation of the Brazilian renewable energies situation, focussing on Brazil´s advances and efforts in promoting wind, solar and biomass energy. The author points a critical light on some failures and reversals, however hints to the fact that the Brazilian government remains strongly committed to renewable energy, by putting into reality a growing number of auctions, granting fiscal incentives etc. She concluded the analysis with Policy Recommendations that take into account the heightened demand for energy in Brazil in the years to come.

Tolmasquim, Mauricio: Energia Renovável: Hidráulica, Biomassa, Eólica, Solar, Oceanica; EPE – Empresa de Pesquisa Energética 2016.

Short Summary: The purpose of this excellent book is to give a glimpse on Brazil´s usage of alternative energies (hydraulic, biomass, solar, wind), embedded in an international scenario of strengthening sustainable energies. It evaluates how well Brazil managed to cope so far with the demands of these energies and which challenges still lay ahead.