INVESTING IN BRAZIL – Expected High Growth and Longterm Sustainability
(this document is only availabe in english)
The principal reasons why Brazil can nowadays be considered one of the world´s best investment opportunities include, amongst others, a strong economy, clean energetic matrix and a large domestic market. Brazil has suffered some setbacks due to the political crisis in 2016 and 2017, including corruption scandals and mis-allocation of funds. However, it was equally a testimony of functioning political institutions and a well working juridical system that brought the responsible to justice.
Economic core variables like the inflation rate or the PIB are already improving, and it is fair to assume that in the near future Brazil will experience an immense take-off in terms of economic performance.
As the world´s sixth largest economy and supposedly soon the fifth largest the country also plays a leading role in Latin American economy and politics, standing out with increased attractiveness in the global scene.
While the global average economic growth has remained either negative or close to zero since of the 2008 financial crisis, Brazil´s GDP reached 7.5% in 2010, the highest score since 1986.
Brazil´s major competitive advantages presently comprise:
1. Strong domestic market:
- less vulnerable to international economic crisis scenarios
- constantly growing due to increasing income and economic inclusion of larger parts of the populace
- high demand inelasticity
- high potential of growth in regions so far less developed
- Social and economic growth combined with stability and environmental sustainability
2. Richness of natural assets:
- ideal for agriculture due to availability of adequate rainfall and the fertile nature
- The major agricultural products include sugar cane, corn, cassava, soybean, oranges, coffee, cotton, tobacco and cocoa
- world’s leading producer of tin, iron ore and phosphate
- for more information see below in “Brazil – the Granary of the World”
3. Social and macroeconomic structure:
- stable macroeconomic background
- stability-oriented monetary policy
- mainly unaffected by international economic crises
- low inflation
- decreasing social inequality/improvements in social well-being
- poverty (people living with US$2 per day) has fallen markedly, from 21% of the population in 2003 to 11% in 2009
- Between 2001 and 2009, the income growth rate of the poorest 10% of the population was 7% per year, while that of the richest 10% was 1.7% (decrease of the Gini-coefficient to 0.509 in 2012)
- sound and resilient banking system
- favorable external debt composition and high foreign reserves (approximately US$ 380 billion)
4. Open markets, multilateralism and attractiveness for foreign private and corporative investors:
- several regional and municipal investment incentives
- increasing significance of exports (natural and agricultural resources as well as high tech products – for example EMBRAER)
- strong growing property market
- Average capital appreciation on completed property is 20% per annum with land purchases even more favourable
- world´s pioneer in Eco-Tourism (the world´s fastest growing tourism branch)
- high degree of foreign direct investments
5. Clean and abundant renewable energy:
- sugarcane ethanol and hydroelectricity account for more than ¾ of Brazil´s energy balance
- world´s pioneer in flexible-fuel vehicles
- increasing focus on biomass, as derivative product of sugarcane ethanol production
- enormous growth potential of solar and wind energy
- regulatory incentives and direct financial investments by federal, state and municipal authorities
- accounts for more than 85.4% of the domestically produced electricity used in Brazil
6. Democratic and Institutional stability:
- stable electoral democracy since 1986
- free elections and universal suffrage
- strong political institutions, based on national consensus
- high degree of accountability
- strong federalism
- efficient legal system based on Roman-Germanic traditions
- high political stability of expectations
- Brazil is considered the most stable and crisis-resistant country in Latin America
7. Geopolitical stability:
- absence of crisis areas and political “hotspots”: geopolitically one of the calmest and securest regions in the world
- member of the OAS (Organisation of American States) and MERCOSUR
- internationally engaged
- strong economic and political ties to the BRIC Countries
8. Immense improvements in infrastructure
- structural and regional investments (development of the Northeast)
- see a more detailed list of current infrastructure projects below
Brazil offers a safe and outstanding investment environment and we consider it our task to introduce international investors to the best available opportunities, based on professonal consultancy and a wide range of services.
Brazil – The Granary of the World
One of the core areas that we focus in our investment consultancy are investments in Brazilian agriculture.
Not only due to its sheer landsize, but also due to its tradition as latin american breadbasket, Brazil has become one of the world´s foremost players in agriculture. Modern, efficient and competitive, the Brazilian agribusiness sector is a prosperous, safe and profitable activity with unsurpassed growth records. The prosperity of Brazilian agribusiness is a result of scientific and technological development in modernizing farming and expanding the industry of agricultural machinery and equipment.
The exemplary state of Tocantins (Brazil´s youngest state, founded in 1988) is considered Brazils granary, with almost perfect crop-growing conditions, ranging from fertile argile soils to an average rainfall of 1.700 mm per year.
In addition to having a diversified climate, regular rainfall, abundant solar energy and 12 percent of all the available fresh water on the planet, Brazil has plentiful land to plant crops. With 388 million acres of farmable, fertile land, the country has the potential to triple its current production of grains without the need for deforestation. In addition, with the productivity increase in the livestock industry, 30 percent of the 220 million hectares occupied by pasture may be incorporated into agricultural production.
According to forecasts of the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), and the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development), Brazil will be the world’s largest producer of agricultural products by the end of the decade and has already established itself as the third largest exporter of primary products.
In recent years, the country has developed and consolidated one of the most efficient cattle-raising systems in the world. This development has been achieved with low level tariff protections and minimal use of government subsidies. Production expansion was primarily due to productivity gains, backed with an efficient agricultural policy supported by extensive research and development. The agribusiness is responsible for approximately 25 percent of GDP and 40 percent of exports.
The success of the agricultural sector in Brazil also involves both scientific and technological development in the modernization of rural activity and expansion of agricultural machinery and implements industry. Agricultural research has enabled adapting crops to different types of climate and soil in the main production regions of Brazil.
The huge potential of Brazilian agribusiness, tied to quality technical-scientific research, opens up interesting possibilities for private investment in research and development in the country.
With a population of more than 190 million, Brazil has one of the largest consumer markets in the world. Today, two-thirds of the food produced in the country is consumed domestically and the rest is exported to more than 200 markets. In recent years, only a few countries have had such significant growth in international trade as Brazilian agribusiness. The ongoing investment in research and development contributes to the success of the country in the production and exportation of various products. It is the first producer and exporter of coffee, sugar and orange juice. In addition, it leads in foreign sales of beef, chicken, soybean oil, grains and bran, and tobacco.
That said, the investment opportunities in the agricultural sector are, per se, abundant.
Brazil´s Infrastructure – Taking Off
Until 2020 thousands of medium and large infrastructure projects are going to be completed and inaugurated (the major share of them of a private nature, indicating that the private sector is one step ahead compared to the public sector). All these represent “new fundamentals” in order to modernize and developmentally accelerate the country, including the reduction of the so called “Custo Brazil”. Let us thus take a look at some of these private, public and public-partnership projects:
- Large infrastructure investments by the federal government: the North-South Railway from Itaqui (Maranhão) to Anápolis (Goias) and an extension of this railway leading further to Estrela d´Oeste (São Paulo); the Northern Railway (Ferronorte) in Cuiabá which is a part of the Transnordestin Raily; Part of the Railway FIOL between Varreiras and Ilhéus; expansion/duplication of the Carajás Railway, part of the bridging across the Rio São Francisco; part of the conveying highway Agreste (in Pernambuco, 1.300 km) and the completion of the Pajeú highway, equally in Pernambuco (195 km); completion of the Sertão canal (250 km, Alagoas); completion of the Highway Cuiabá-Santarém (including access to the port of Miritituba); several new highways as well as overhauling of older ones, including privatized ones; 2.000 new agencies of the CEF (Caixa Economica Federal); around 5.000 small and medium-sized investments into health and education (according to PAC 2); around 1,5 million new habitations and residences, almost zeroing the “habitational deficit” of the country; around 400.000 new water and electricity connections (part of the program “Àgua e Luz para Todos” – “Water and Light for Everyone”) – practically zeroing the high anterior deficit.
- Large and medium-sized construction projects by the state and municipal governments: numerous metro stations in Sampa; hundreds of new hospital and first-aid-installations; thousands of kilometres of new sewer and drainage systems as well as water conduits, new schools (including reforms and expansions of already existing ones); hundreds of new sanitation embankments; new recycling and waste disposal installations, fulfilling the provisions of Law 12.305/2010
- Petroleum and gas: implantation of the petroleum exploration (pre-salt) at Campo de Libra; start of the construction of numerous new platforms and prospection/installation of new marine oil fields (PETROBRAS) in Sergipe (very large), Rio Grande do Norte (new pre-salt), Pará, São Paulo (Santos) and several other terrestrial oil fields in the interior of Paraíba and Ceará; installation of very large gas refineries in Maranhão and Minas Gerais;
- New huge ports and and terminals (TUP), indispensable for the currently overburdened port infrastructure: Large Port in Açu-Rio de Janeiro; another gigantic port in Itaguai-rio de Janeiro; new TEGRAN terminal in Itaguai/Maranhão (capable of storaging almost 10 % of the total corn production in Brazil); new terminal (Coopersucar) in Santos-São Paulo; installation of at least 30 TUP-terminals for private use; construction and handing over of numerous railway stations and highway hubs connecting to the large ports.
- Start of the mining exploration (iron ore) in Barmin (region of Caitité-Bahia), Honbridge (Salinas-Minas Gerais); in Porteirinha-Minas Gerais, of Vetria/ALL in Corumbá – Mato Grosso do Sul (very large); of AngloAmerican in the center of Minas Gerais (Guanhães e Conceição do Mato Dentro), including the “mineral-duct” leading to the super-port of Açu-Rio de Janeiro;
- Hydropower Plants (small and medium-sized) as well as solar plants and wind farms: around 30 new installations as well as renovation/overhauling of older ones; around 20 new windfarms in Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Piauí, Bahia, Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina; installation of solar plants in Ceará and São Paulo.